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The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward

The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forwar

  1. The Yemen cholera outbreak has been driven by years of conflict and has now become the largest in epidemiologically recorded history with more than 1.2 million cases since the beginning of the outbreak in April, 2017. In this report we review and discuss the cholera management strategies applied by
  2. The Yemen cholera outbreak has been driven by years of conflict and has now become the largest in epidemiologically recorded history with more than 1.2 million cases since the beginning of the outbreak in April, 2017. In this report we review and discuss the cholera management strategies applied by the major international humanitarian health organizations present in Yemen
  3. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward Frederik Federspiel1* and Mohammad Ali2 Abstract The Yemen cholera outbreak has been driven by years of conflict and has now become the largest in epidemiologically recorded history with more than 1.2 million cases since the beginning of the outbreak in April, 2017. In this report w
  4. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. Frederik Federspiel Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 9 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK
  5. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. By Frederik Federspiel and Mohammad Ali. Get PDF (1 MB) Cite . The Yemen cholera outbreak has been driven by years of conflict and has now become the largest in epidemiologically recorded history with more than 1.2 million cases since the beginning of the outbreak in April.
  6. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. Federspiel F, Ali M. BMC Public Health, 18(1):1338, 04 Dec 2018 Cited by 4 articles | PMID: 30514336 | PMCID: PMC6278080. Review Free to read & us

The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way

The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health 2018; 18:1338. Finger, Flavio, Bertuzzo, Enrico, Luquero, Francisco, et al. The potential impact of case-area targeted interventions in response to cholera outbreaks: A modeling study. PLoS Med 2018; 15(2): e1002509. Hall RH, Sack DA 12. Federspiel F, Ali M. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):1338. doi: 10.1186/ s12889-018-6227-6 13. Chokshi DA, Cohen L. Progress in Primary Care-From Alma-Ata to Astana. JAMA. 2018;320(19):1965-1966. doi:10.1001/ jama.2018.16957 14. Pronyk P, Rogers B, Lee S, et al. The effect of. An outbreak of cholera began in Yemen in October 2016, and is ongoing as of December 2020. In February and March 2017, the outbreak declined during a wave of cold weather, but the number of cholera cases resurged in April 2017. As of December 2020, there have been more than 2.5 million cases reported, and more than 3,900 people have died in the Yemen cholera outbreak, which the United Nations. Cholera is a bacterial infection that is transmitted in water or food contaminated with a carrier's excreta. It enters the body through the mouth and the digestive system. The worst affected people will lose a quarter of the body's fluid through violent diarrhea and vomiting

U.N. suspending plan for cholera vaccination in Yemen. Retrieved from world/middleeast/world- health-organization-cholera-vaccine-yemen.html Doctors Without Borders. (2019). Our work in Yemen. Retrieved from Federspiel, F., & Ali, M. (2018). The cholera outbreak in Yemen: Lessons learned and way forward The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health 2018; 18:1338. Effler E, Isaäcson M, Arntzen L, et al. Factors contributing to the emergence of Escherichia coli O157 in Africa The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward [26]. BMC Public Health 2018; 18:1338. 27. Finger, Flavio, Bertuzzo, Enrico, Luquero, Francisco, et al. The potential impact of case-area targeted interventions in response to cholera outbreaks: A modeling study [27]. PLoS Med 2018; 15(2): e1002509. 28. Hall RH, Sack DA. Introducing.

In-text: (Drop in cholera cases worldwide, as key endemic countries report gains in cholera control, 2021) Your Bibliography: Who.int. 2021. Drop in cholera cases worldwide, as key endemic countries report gains in cholera control I am looking forward to a phenomenal year as you collaborate with one another to draft policy In October 2016, a deadly cholera outbreak hit communities through Yemen during the ongoing civil war.6 Challenges with sanitation (2018). The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. B MC P ubl i c H e al t h. h ttps://www. Introduction: From 27 April to 3 August 2017, 453,175 suspected cholera cases and 1,930 deaths (CFR: 0.4%) have been reported in 95.6% (22/23) of Yemen governorates, and 89.2% (297/333) of the districts. The five most affected governorates were Amanat Al-Asima, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Amran and Dhamar with 53% (239,877/453,175) of the cases reported since 27 April 2017

Human resources for health: lessons from the cholera

  1. Similarly, the conflict in Yemen is contributing to an explosive cholera outbreak (31, 32). In Nigeria and Pakistan, violence contributes to the inability to eradicate polio (33 The cholera outbreak in Yemen: Lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health 18, 1338 (2018)
  2. ation of the existing cholera outbreak response strategy. 4, 11, Reference Ivers, Hilaire and Teng 1
  3. Although the case number was low cases in the early days of the outbreak, Yemen has experienced a large-scale cholera epidemic, affecting more than 1.2 million cases and over 2500 deaths The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health, 18 (2018), p. 1338
  4. els. The key stakeholders and warring parties in Yemen must work towards a lasting ceasefire during these trying times, especially giv-en the extra burden from the mounting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak worldwide. Key words: Cholera, One Health, Environment, Public health, Yemen
  5. ent recent example is the cholera outbreak in Yemen. Cholera is a waterborne infectious disease, and Yemen was at risk for such diseases even The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward, BCM Public Health 18, no. 1338.

3 Federspiel F, Ali M. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health 2018; 18: 1338. 4 Fikri M, Hammerich A. Scaling up action on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. East Mediterr Health J 2018; 24: 3-4. 5 WHO An outbreak of cholera began in Yemen in October 2016, and is ongoing as of April 2019. In February and March 2017, the outbreak seemed to decline during a wave of cold weather, but the number of cholera cases resurged in April 2017. As of October 2018, there have been more than 1.2 million cases reported, and more than 2,500 people—58% children—have died in the Yemen cholera outbreak. A review of potential factors contributing to epidemic cholera in Yemen. J Water Health. 2018 Oct;16(5):667-680. doi: 10.2166/wh.2018.113. [12] Federspiel F, Ali M. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health. 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1338. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6227-6 DOI: 10.1038/550009a Corpus ID: 4463860. Make plans to eliminate cholera outbreaks @article{Zaidi2017MakePT, title={Make plans to eliminate cholera outbreaks}, author.

An outbreak of cholera began in Yemen in October 2016 and was ongoing as of 2020. More than 2.3 million suspected cholera cases have been reported since 2017—the worst single outbreak on record.[30,31] In February and March 2017, the outbreak seemed to decline during a wave of cold weather, but the number of cholera cases resurged in April. What we know: There has been escalation in conflict in Yemen since 2015, with 20.7 million people in need of assistance, and risk of famine. What this article adds: Before the Rome meeting call for action to prevent famine, the Nutrition and Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) collaborated to prioritise locations at high risk of famine and in need of a joint minimum response package BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 HUMANITARIAN HEALTH DIGEST Fourth uarter Conflict and Forced Displacement I. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES Federspiel F, Ali M. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward

The GTFCC cites the cholera outbreak in Yemen as one of the worst in modern times, with over 2.3 million suspected cases since 2016. The situation has been made worse by the ongoing conflict, failing infrastructure and food insecurity that the country faces The lessons learned during the recent Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks in some sub‐Saharan African countries were expected to shape and influence the region's responses to COVID‐19 pandemic. However, some of the challenges associated with the management of the EVD outbreaks persist and create obstacles for the effective management of.

Updated Global Burden of Cholera in Endemic Countries. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9(6):e0003832. Federspiel F, et al. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: lessons learned and way forward. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:1338. Waldman RJ, et al. The Cure for Cholera - Improving Access to Safe Water and Sanitation. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:592-4. CAV-AEP Universal Health Coverage in Fragile and Humanitarian Contexts. 2020. International Journal of Health Policy and Management IJHP 3rd Meeting of the Global Task Force for Cholera Control (GTFCC) WASH Working Group AGENDA Objective: The meeting will be an opportunity to present an update on the GTFCC and the Ending Cholera Roadmap and in this context to discuss the engagement of the WASH WG in the implementation of the roadmap A complete shutdown of Yemen's most important entry points, including Hodeida port, in November 2017 after the Houthis fired a ballistic missile towards Riyadh airport led to millions of Yemenis being deprived of clean water and sanitation at a time when the country was just emerging from the world's worst cholera outbreak

COVID-19 crashed into Yemen last Ramadan, the Muslim holy month, and as the holiday gets underway this year, there's a second wave. For Mahmoud's part, he said death has just become a part of his day-to-day life. His best friend, Ali, was killed in 2016; he had driven over an explosive while serving in the army Last year, the country suffered the worst cholera outbreak ever recorded in any country in a single year. At the Yemen pledging conference in Geneva earlier this month, the Minister of State for the Middle East announced £170 million of support to Yemen this year from the UK. That funding will meet the food needs of 2.5 million Yemenis In 2016, infectious diarrheal diseases were estimated to be the eighth leading cause of global mortality, attributing to 1.6 million deaths, and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) [ 1 ]. Diarrheal morbidity and A complete shutdown of Yemen's most important entry points, including Hodeida port, in November 2017 after the Houthis fired a ballistic missile towards Riyadh airport led to millions of Yemenis being deprived of clean water and sanitation at a time when the country was just emerging from the world's worst cholera outbreak. + ICRC, 'Yemen.

On 9 August 2018, a 500lb GBU-12 Paveway II laser guided bomb was dropped by the Royal Saudi Air Force on a school bus in Dahyan, Sa-ada Governorate of northern Yemen killing 40 boys aged between six and eleven. They were on a trip, excited, playing together, seemingly happy despite the war that has dominated their lives for over four years. [1] 11 adults were also killed Yemen is one of two countries currently identified by the United Nations (UN) Inter-Agency Standing Committee as a Level 3 Emergency, indicating the need for large-scale system-wide response to meet immediate humanitarian needs [ 1 ]. Prior to the Role of UNFPA. Due to the ongoing war, only 50% of the country's 3500 medical facilities are available and functional in Yemen presently. Out of these, only 20% provide reproductive and maternal health services, which is why UNFPA works jointly with the government, UN agencies and other partners to not only fund the pay of 3800 workers who provide care to women in these horrific situations. People have learned lessons from the 2007 and 2008 outbreaks, the latter of which took one and a half years to clear up, said Grant Laeity head of emergencies for UNICEF in West Africa. The Sector Chief of Khounyia in Kaback Island, Forecariah, told UNICEF that this year's cholera strain was particularly virulent (he has witnessed six. Lessons learned have led to comprehensive programmes that are continually revised and coordinated by government sectors. Public health has involved global partners for decades. Far from being the only MG that affects global health, the Hajj is a useful model to understand the nature of risk management and the benefits of international.

From toys to tools. Hakim Froissart has always had a keen interest in all things related to logistics, and a passion for supporting the work of humanitarian organisations. Born in Morocco and raised in France, he followed his dreams all the way to Lyon where he attended the prestigious Bioforce course to study logistics in the humanitarian. In June 2018, the U.S.-supported Saudi led coalition struck a cholera treatment center run by Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) in Yemen.A recent internal investigation released by the coalition tries to lay the blame for the strike on MSF

Cholera remains a major global health challenge. Uvira, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), has had endemic cholera since the 1970's and has been implicated as a possible point of origin for national outbreaks. A previous study among this population, reported a case confirmation rate of 40% by rapid diagnostic test (RDT) among patients at the Uvira Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) The Way Forward The situation of Yemen is dire: Every sector is fragile. It is critical to prioritize interventions to protect our health workers (based on lessons learned from Italy and China), older people, impoverished families, malnourished children and mothers, and disabled people. 50 suspected cholera cases every hour for five. Saudi Arabia's U.S.-backed military campaign in Yemen, now almost three years old, not only drives the world's worst humanitarian crisis, but also deepens the terrorist threat to the United States.. After more than 1,000 days of war, 22 million Yemenis - more than the population of Florida - need international aid, with over a third of those on the verge of starvation The UN reckons three-quarters of Yemen's 28m people need some kind of humanitarian aid. Mounting rubbish, failing sewerage and wrecked water supplies have led to the worst cholera outbreak in.

In October 2010, imported cholera caused the first modern outbreak in Haiti. Cholera outbreaks have recently occurred in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen and Zimbabwe [64- Reference Ndaba 66] World Health Summit Attendees Discuss Lesson Learned, Way Forward In Polio Eradication Efforts WHO Officials Record 11 Cholera Cases In Yemen, Say Disease Not Spreading The United Nations. The number of cholera cases in Yemen has been increasing since January 2018; the cumulative reported cases from January 2018 to January 2020 is 1,262,722, with 1,543 deaths. The number of cases in Yemen marked 1,032,481 as of 2017, which was a sharp increase from the 15,751 cases and 164 deaths in 2016 An ambitious new strategy to reduce deaths from cholera by 90% by 2030 has been launched by the Global Task Force on Cholera Control (GTFCC), a diverse network of more than 50 UN and international agencies, academic institutions, and NGOs that supports countries affected by the disease. Cholera kills an estimated 95 000 people an

Cholera in Yemen - An Old Foe Rearing Its Ugly Head - PubMe

campaign to help control cholera outbreak through the sharing of best practices and lessons learned between the Main Committees. resolution 69/321 provides clear guidance as to the way. 8 July 2019. The cholera outbreak in Yemen has reached more than 460,000 suspected cases in 2019, exceeding the 380,000 total suspected cases in all of 2018 For example, the ongoing civil war in Yemen includes the worst cholera outbreak in history (United Nations, 2017). The massive amount of damaged or destroyed civilian infrastructure has devastated Yemen's sanitation, water treatment, and health systems, providing ample breeding grounds for cholera bacteria Cholera, a devastating diarrheal disease that caused several global pandemics in the last centuries, may share some similarities with the new COVID‐19. Cholera has affected many populations in history and still remains a significant burden in. Last year, for example, we saw a large-scale cholera outbreak. Year on year we are going to see epidemics and vaccine-preventable diseases rise across Yemen. Taiz city is a perfect example of that

Cholera epidemic in Yemen: overview and update The

The number of suspected cholera cases has exceeded more than 2 million and least 3,700 people have died from the waterborne bacterial infection in Yemen since October 2019, said the WHO The seventh cholera pandemic: affected countries from 1961 to present. Arrows show the direction of spread of the epidemic, i.e. the population movements. From Indonesian Archipelago (1961), cholera spread to Western Pacific and South East Asia (1962-1965); 2. Cholera spread to Africa, Europe, Near and Middle East (1970-1971); 3 Even as the West African Ebola outbreak ended, the Zika virus outbreak in the Western hemisphere, cholera outbreaks in Yemen and parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, and the current Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo are reminders that epidemics will not wait while we design better systems Essay: Yemen's destruction, a global catastrophe. Insight. The war in Yemen is far more than just a political struggle. The political struggle does not even begin to capture a fraction of what the conflict is really about. The war on Yemen today is a brutal example of how the expansion of global capitalist interests destroys nations

The Imperial Machine Behind the Cholera Epidemic in Yemen

A final tally of 132 records was carried forward for cross referencing against Altmann M, Suarez-Bustamante M, Soulier C, Lesavre C, Antoine C. First Wave of the 2016-17 Cholera Outbreak in Hodeidah City, Yemen - Acf Experience and Lessons Learned. Federspiel F, Ali M. The cholera outbreak in Yemen: Lessons learned and way forward. BMC. Yemen is facing the world's largest cholera outbreak at this time. The recent resurgence of disease has now resulted in nearly 1,900 deaths since April 27th of this year alone - 409,000 suspected cases of cholera. The UN estimates that more than 75 percent of Yemen's entire population is in need of aid

jpmph-20-154.pdf - Perspective J Prev Med Public Health ..

Today, 18 million people lack access to safe water, while a cholera outbreak that began in 2016 has turned into a multi-year epidemic that has resulted in millions of cases and thousands of deaths. 10. The number of health care workers for every 10,000 people in Yemen — less than half the minimum set by the World Health Organization Objectives: To improve prevention and control response to the cholera outbreak, we sought to assess and compare the community's cholera awareness and needs in high and low epidemic areas in Aden. Methods: A community-based comparative survey was conducted in 2017. We used multi-stage cluster sampling. Eligible household heads in high and low epidemic areas were interviewed

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Cholera outbreaks in Haiti and Yemen have appeared within the past decade. Approximately 200,000 people every year are diagnosed with leprosy. In other words, control even of diseases that (prior to antibiotic resistance) had been controllable has hardly been universal Way forward •Ensure appropriate youth participation in Programmes •Involve parents, teachers and community leaders •Always depending on multi-sectoral partnerships •Use a holistic and comprehensive approach •Take diversity into account •Focus on prevention and health promotion 8/25/2020 1

2016-2021 Yemen cholera outbreak - Wikipedi

The tragedy of the Haitian cholera epidemic—where United Nations peacekeepers introduced a previously unknown disease into the country, causing the most serious cholera epidemic anywhere in the world in over a century—has propelled a range of complex international law issues into the public eye. 1 The most prominent among these have related to UN accountability and justice for the victims. And then we studied cholera outbreaks in mid-19th-century London and 20th-century Venezuela and Haiti; tuberculosis and the rise of the sanitorium in Europe and the U.S.; malaria and mosquitos in India and Italy; AIDS in Africa and the United States, and so on. We ended with the coronavirus, even though we obviously weren't planning on it On March 26th 2021, Yemen marked the sixth anniversary of conflict in the country, which has resulted in the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, with 66% of its population in dire need of aid. The Internally displaced person (IDPs)is over 4 million people. By the end of 2021, it estimated that 67200 could be displaced in Yemen if the. In 2021, 16.2 million people in Yemen are expected to face high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above). Economic warfare between the GoY and the Houthis has also led to fuel and basic commodity shortages?. Yemenis have also suffered outbreaks of diseases including COVID-19, cholera, diphtheria, and dengue fever

Cholera SpringerLin

2.1. Severity and trend of diarrhoea among children. The four major infectious diseases that cause death in children under the age of 5 are pneumonia, diarrhoeal diseases, malaria and measles (Figure 1).However, 25% and 31% of the overall diarrhoeal burden has been attributed to diarrhoea among children below the age of 5 in Africa and Asia respectively (Walker et al., 2012), especially Sub. The 2016-17 cholera epidemic in Yemen was, prior to COVID-19, the largest disease outbreak in modern history. Conservative estimates found that the number of suspected cases exceeded 1 million and, within the first 8 months of the outbreak, there were over 2,000 confirmed deaths This study assesses the underlying internal and external factors that either aggravate or mitigate the risk of a cholera outbreak in such settings, using Yemen as a case study. This study adopts a system dynamics methodology to analyze factors that influence cholera outbreaks in the context of the Yemeni Civil War Let Conflicts Be Bygones. May 2, 2020. A sobering look at how COVID-19 will affect Libya, Syria, and Yemen, where war and conflict have not only decimated most of these countries' precious resources but are further destroying what remains of them. By Nadeen Shaker. When the Spanish flu arrived at the doorsteps of the Persian city of Mashhad. The Yemen cholera outbreak was the world's worst in 2017, with more than 1.1 million suspected cases and more than 2,300 deaths, according to the World Health Organization. The model has done an excellent job in Yemen detecting triggers of cholera outbreaks, said Jutla, but there is still a lot of work we need to do to have this.

Regional Key Scientific Publication

The Hard Lessons of Modeling the Coronavirus Pandemic. By Jordana Cepelewicz. January 28, 2021. In the fight against COVID-19, disease modelers have struggled against misunderstanding and misuse of their work. They have also come to realize how unready the state of modeling was for this pandemic A case in point is the cholera crisis in Yemen. It is amply reported in the press, for example, the UK Guardian recently highlighted UNICEF's warning that Yemen would be hit by an another outbreak of deadly cholera in the coming months when the rainy season starts. A dramatic statistic was circulated: In Yemen, every ten minutes one. Yemen. Capita. Tuesday 24th April 2018 (3 years, 2 months ago) Commons Chamber. Share Debate . Copy Link. Read Hansard Text Department for International Development. Stephen Twigg (Liverpool, West Derby) (Lab/Co-op) - Parliament Live - Hansard - Copy Link -. Armed conflict, food insecurity, epidemic cholera, economic decline and deterioration of essential public services present overwhelming challenges to population health and well-being in Yemen. Although the majority of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance and civil servants in many areas have not received salaries since 2016, many healthcare providers continue to work, and. Ebola was not the only emergency last year, he said, noting that WHO responded to 481 emergencies and potential emergencies in 141 countries in 2018, including the cholera outbreak in Yemen, the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Syria, and polio eradication efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Since the end of January a cholera outbreak was declared in five districts with 960 cases and 15 deaths as of May 2020.? Health: 36% of health facilities in Cabo Delgado have been damaged or destroyed as a result of the conflict. This has reduced the capacity to detect and respond to disease outbreaks, including cholera, measles, and COVID-19 The cholera outbreak that began last October, one of the worst in recent years, has infected more than 5,000 people and killed 110, according to Chitalu Chilufya, Zambia's health minister (Adrian Blomfield, 'We Are Facing a Sanitation Crisis': Zambia's Uphill Struggle Against the Deadly Scourge of Cholera, The Telegraph, May 22. Yemen cholera outbreak tops 300,000 suspected cases A cholera outbreak in Yemen has now surpassed 300,000 suspected cases, the Red Cross says as the war-torn country reels from disease as well as.